The habits of intelligent problem solvers is described wonderfully by Arthur L. Costa.
Learning and Leading With Habits of Mind, Edited by Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick, describes various ways of thinking that are used by intelligent people “when they are confronted with problems, the resolutions to which are not immediately apparent.”
Here is the quick rundown of the habits they have described.
- Managing Impulsivity
- Listening With Understanding and Empathy
- Thinking Flexibly
- Thinking About Thinking
- Striving For Accuracy
- Questioning and Posing Problems
- Applying Past Knowledge To New Situations
- Thinking and Communicating with Clarity and Precision
- Gathering Data Through All Senses
- Creating, Imagining, and Innovating
- Responding With Wonderment and Awe
- Taking Responsible Risks
- Finding Humor
- Thinking Interdependently
- Remaining Open To Continuous Learning
I would recommend seeing the un-condensed view of the list at the website.